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Rights And Responsibilities Of Indian Citizens Short Essay Topics

India is a big Country with diversity in Religions,Cultures and Traditions and I believe this makes India stand out  and We Indians can really be proud of this.
But as India is developing it is taken off by many issues from Corruption to Pollution to many more.And on a day to day basis we find many new issues cropping up…But a as Responsible of Citizen of India did we ever tried to do our bit except for shouting at the Government….In most of the case even for a simpler matter we will blame the Government rather than trying to solve the issue and I guess that make the matter more worse…

Nevertheless remember we citizens are the one who are solely responsible for the development of this country and in this post I will share some simple points which I believe is not so difficult to follow in our day to day life..Remember “The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step.”
We all are aware of our Fundamental Duties,if not then here it is and Even if we follow these fundamental duties we will surely be doing our bit in making India a Great Country..

So lets look at the points that make us a Good and Responsible Citizen…

  1. Obey Laws and Respect Authority-Don’t break laws and also refrain others for doing so.If not satisfied by any Law use Constitutional means to change the Law.
  2. Civic and Social Duty should be performed-Be aware about the issues affecting the society and provide solutions to them,Vote intelligently and Pay Taxes by proper means and use acts like RTI,RTE for the good of the society.
  3. Keep your surroundings and locality clean,Use Dustbin,Care for Public Property and Other People’s Property.
  4. Be Honest to your Country and Fellow Citizen
  5. Develop a deep sense of Patriotism towards you Country,Respect your Country’s Social and Economic Policies,Always contribute to the Welfare of our Country.
  6. Must be able to teach the Younger Generation to show Respect and Love  towards the Country.
  7. Make your Country Proud when visiting other Nations,Never speak bad about your Country.
  8. Help the Poor and Needy and Provide great Hospitality to both Foreign and Local Tourist.

This is it..and I guess its just simple 8 steps to make our Country a Great One and This not only applies to Indian Citizens but also to Citizens of Other Nations.. 🙂

Please share your views and comment if I have missed out anything.. :-).
And lastly a Cartoon Strip for all to enjoy.. 🙂

*Click on the image for better view…

Good Citizen

 

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  • Necessary features of Fundamental Rights are as follows:

  • Fundamental Rights are an indispensable part of our Constitution. Twenty-four articles are enjoined with these Fundamental Rights. Parliament can amend Fundamental Rights by a special procedure.

  • Fundamental Rights are only for Indian citizens. No alien is permitted to enjoy these rights except right to life, liberty and personal property.

  • Fundamental Rights are not absolute. Therefore within some reasonable restrictions citizens can enjoy them. Fundamental Rights without prescribed conditions may disrupt public order.

  • Fundamental Rights are suspend able during the time of emergency and rights of the citizen are curtailed temporarily except right to life and personal liberty (article-20-21)

  • Fundamental Rights are justifiable also. A citizen can go to the court for enforcement of his Fundamental Rights if some one violates them. Under Article 32 and Article 226 of the Indian Constitution, a citizen can approach the Supreme Court and High Court respectively in this regard.
  • Fundamental Rights are amendable also. Parliament can amend these rights by a special procedure.

  • Some Fundamental Rights are positive while some others are negative in nature.

  • Fundamental Rights aim at restoring collective interest along with individual interest.

  • Fundamental Rights are superior to ordinary law of the land. They are conferred a special sanctity.

  • Some Fundamental Rights are limited to citizens only, such as freedom of speech, assembly, and cultural and educational rights, but other rights like equality before the law, religious freedom etc are available to both citizens and aliens

  • Some provisions of Chapter-III of the Indian Constitution are of the nature of prohibitions and place Constitutional limitations on the authority of the state. For instance, no authority of the state can deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws.


 
 

Types of Fundamental Rights

There are six types of Fundamental Rights in our Constitution
I. Right to Equality (Article 14 – Article 18)
II Right to Freedom (Articles 19 – Article 22)
III Right against Exploitation (Articles 23 – Article 24)
IV Right to Religion (Articles 25 – Article 28)
V Right to Culture and Education (Articles 29 – Article 30)
VI Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)

LET US KNOW

Right to Property, which was a fundamental right has been eliminated from the list of Fundamental Rights by the Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act, 1978, and abolished it as the country intends to promote the socialistic objectives. So, now it is an ordinary legal right.

The six categories of Fundamental Rights are discussed below:

I. RIGHT TO EQUALITY ((Article 14 – Article 18): It implies equality before the law and equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. No man is above the law of the land. Every person is subject to the ordinary law and amendable to the jurisdiction of the ordinary tribunals. Any discrimination is prohibited and equality of opportunity in matters of public employment under the state is ensured. There is no distinction between officials and private citizen and no discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion, sex etc . But right to equality does not mean absolute equality or universal application . Some exceptions are allowed by the Indian Constitution and these limitations are as follows :
· the President or the Governor of a state shall not be answerable to any court for the power exercised or act done by him .
· no criminal proceeding shall be instituted against the President or the Governor during term of office
· exemption from taxes to certain classes of property
· imposition of taxes upon different trades and professions
· making special provisions for women and child
· making special provisions for advancement of any socially, economically and educationally backward classes like SCs and STs including special employment opportunities, which is called protective discrimination.


II. RIGHT TO FREEDOM (Article 19 – Article 22): This right is the most significant and important for the citizens. This right confers some positive rights to promote the ideal of liberty .Article-19 is the most important which guaranteed six freedom to all citizens .
These are – 19 (1) All citizens shall have the right-
(a) to freedom of speech and expression ;
(b) to assemble peacefully and without arms ;
(c) to form associations or unions ;
(d) to move freely throughout the territory of India ;
(e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India ; and
(g) to practice any profession , or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
Article 20 and 21 guarantee the right to life, dignity and status. Under Article 20, no person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself. Similarly, under Article 21, no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law. Article 22 provides some safeguards against arbitrary arrest and detention.
Like the Right to Equality, Right to Freedom is not absolute. The state can impose reasonable restrictions upon these rights incorporated in Article-19 to maintain a balance between individual liberty and social control. When a proclamation of emergency is made under Article 352, provisions of Article-19 itself remain suspended (Art. 358)
III. RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION (Article 23 – Article 24): Indian Constitution recognizes dignity of the individual against any form of exploitation either by the state or by the privileged section of the society. Therefore, Right against exploitation prohibited traffic in human beings and forced labour and employment of child in factories, mines or in any other ‘hazardous employment’. No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or minds or engaged in any other hazardous employment (Artcle 24)
The provisions of Article 23 and Article 24 absolute and the state is firm on restoration of dignity and status of the individual against any immoral purposes.

IV. RIGHT TO RELIGION (Article 25- Article 28): Indian Constitution has adopted secular ideology and declared India as a secular state, which observes and attitude of neutrality and impartiality towards all religion . There is no state religion in India. The state will neither establish a religion of its own nor confer any special patronage upon any particular religion . Every person is guaranteed the freedom of conscience and freedom to profess, practice and propagate his own religion subject to public order, morality and health . Every religious group has been given the freedom to manage religious affairs, own and acquire movable and immovable property and administer such property in accordance with law. Right to religion is also subject to certain limitations. The state has the right and duty to intervene if any religious activity creates public disorder, immorality and so on.

V. RIGHT TO CULTURE AND EDUCATION (Article 29 – Article 30):
The Constitution of India guarantees cultural and educational rights for all section of people irrespective of their religious, racial and cultural diversities. These rights are non-political in real sense. To reserve religious and cultural interest of each community, the Constitution of India incorporated these cultural and educational rights under Article 29 and Article 30. Article 29 guarantees to every minority or section of the people to preserve its language, script and culture notwithstanding the provisions of Article-343 under which the official language of the union shall Hindi in Devanagari script. The state shall not impose upon any minority group any culture other than the community’s own culture Article 29(1). Clause (2) of Article 29 provides that no citizen may be denied admission to State and State aided educational institutions on the grounds only of religion, race, caste or language. Article 30 provides that all communities shall have the right to establish and administer educational Institutions of its choice and the state shall not discriminate against them in making grants on grounds of religion, race or language. There is implicit in the right conferred by Article 30 (1), the right to impart instruction in their own institutions to the children of their own community in their own language.

This right has also some limitations. The State can regulate its affairs in the interest of efficiency of instruction, discipline, morality and public order.

VI. RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES (Article 32): A right without remedy is a meaningless formality. Indian Constitution enumerates various rights to its citizen and in order to make these rights effective, it includes some means or remedies in the form of the Right to Constitutional Remedies under Article 32. Article 32 guarantees to every citizen the right to move the Supreme Court or High Courts for enforcement of Fundamental Rights by Constitutional means. Both the Supreme Court under Article 32 and the High Courts under Article 226 can issue necessary writs for the purpose. When a citizen feels that his Fundamental Rights have been violated, he can move the court for redressal. The Supreme Court under Article 32, Section 2) and High court under Article 226 may issue to safeguard the Fundamental Rights in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo-warranto and certiorari. These are some instruments and means to make Fundamental Rights more effective. The courts have the power to enforce Fundamental Rights by issuing these writs against any authority of the State. The Indian Constitution lays down that any act of the executive or of the legislature which violates Fundamental Rights shall be void and the courts are empowered to declare it as void (Art. 13). Thus, the Constitution of India has made the judiciary as “the protector and guarantor of Fundamental Rights”. On the other hand, this Constitutional right is the “heart and soul” of the Constitution as it can only make Fundamental Rights effective.
However the right to move the court for protection of Fundamental Rights may be suspended during an emergency except those rights provided by Article 20 and Article 21.

LET US KNOW

Though the Right to Property was a Fundamental Right, by the Forty Fourth Amendment to the Constitution in 1978 it was deleted from the list of Fundamental Right. By the said amendment, Art-19 (1)-(f) has been repealed and Art-31(1)has been taken out of part –III and made a separate Article, viz . 300 A Chapter IV in part –XII which mentions “No person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law”. So Right to property is only a legal and ordinary right and now if an individual’s right to property is violated, he can not move to the Supreme Court under Art-32. Such rights are protected by the ordinary law of the land. If an individual’s property is taken away by a public official without legal notice or in excess of the power conferred by law in this behalf, he can approach the concerned High Court under Art-226 or by an ordinary legal process.

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