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Course Of Action Analysis Process Essay

The Military Decision Making Process[1] (MDMP[2][3]) is a United States Army seven-step[4] process for military decision-making in both tactical and garrison environments.[1] It is indelibly linked to Troop Leading Procedures* and Operations orders.


The basic steps in the MDMP are:[1][5][6]

  1. Receipt of Mission
  2. Mission Analysis
  3. Course of action (COA) Development
  4. COA Analysis (aka Wargaming)
  5. COA Comparison
  6. COA Approval
  7. Orders Production, Dissemination, and Transition (Ref: Field Manual 6-0, Commander and Staff Organization and Operations, May 2014)


MDMP can be both slow and burdensome at lower levels, where small staffs do not have the manpower nor expertise to dissect each layer of higher headquarters' orders.[7] The MDMP is intended as a planning tool for the primary staff of battalion sized units and larger as opposed to the "Troop Leading Procedures", which are used to guide units subordinate to battalions.

This process is not, according to doctrine, conducted below the battalion level.


MADACAP - A mnemonic or acronym for remembering and implementing the military planning process. Receive the Mission, Conduct Mission Analysis, Courses of Action Development, Courses of Action Analysis, Courses of Action Comparison, Course of Action Approval, and Orders Production. The acronym allows the planner to quickly relate the planning process through a single word allowing the planning process to glide smoothly without reaching out for doctrine to refer back to getting the steps in order. Ideal for students and junior personnel to remember the planning process. Mission, Analysis, Develop, Analyze, Compare, Approve, Produce. M.A.D.A.C.A.P.

Although available, this mnemonic is rarely (if ever) used during the conduct of the MDMP. The process is conducted by staffs operating at battalion and higher levels conducting deliberate planning, often with resources including staff estimates, publications, and computers with internet access. The "on the fly" need for a mnemonic for the MDMP is unnecessary except possibly for use when answering military trivia questions, such as during an NCO or Soldier of the month board, or on an exam at a military service school.

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Military Decision Making Process Essay

885 Words4 Pages

In the view of global security,(2011) The military decision making process abbreviated as MDMP is a planning model that establishes procedures for analyzing a mission, developing and comparing courses of action(COA) that are best suited to accomplish the higher commander’s intention and mission. The MDMP comprise of seven stages and each stage depends on the previous step to produce its own output. This means that a mistake in the early stage will affect all the other stages that follow. These steps include:
Receipt of mission. In this stage, the commander receives an order for the mission to be carried out. The military staff then embarks on the data collection and information gathering that is necessary and relevant to conduct mission…show more content…

COA comparison. Every COA is compared with another to determine which COA will best accomplish the mission with minimum risks. Staff is free to make observations and recommendations of the preferred option before the commander.
Course of Action Approval. The commander makes a choice of the best COA which meets his intent and selects CCIR based on the chosen COA. The staff then receives the order to produce rehearsals to conduct, and prioritize CS and CSS.
Orders production. The plan is published following the commander’s approval and guidance which is normally a brief, oral order or a digital order with graphical overlays.
Rapid Decision Making and Synchronization Process (RDSP)
Rapid decision making is an acronym or a technique that describes the roles and responsibilities for clear decision making for any organization including military combats. This decision making process has five basic stages which are embodied in the name itself (RAPID) namely:
Recommend. This stage involves information gathering and data collection and identification of variances during execution and likely changes that might take place.
Input. This stage takes into account all the material facts that brought by each individual or staff and the commander looks at their practicability and any possible maneuver.
Agree/Approve. This entails having a closer negotiation of staff and

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