Growing Unrest and indiscipline among students is a matter of great concern. In recent years they have assumed alarming proportions. Student unrest is not confined to India alone. It is a worldwide problem.
There are agitations, strikes, boycotts of classes etc., in schools, colleges, universities and other educational and training institutions now and then. Student unrest is a great threat to our system of education, training programmes and development. The students indulge in violence, arson, destruction of property. They use unfair means to get through the tests and examinations, insult their teachers, threat their invigilators and abuse the staff on any pretext. They want more freedom, rights, both legitimate and illegitimate.
If these undesirable activities and indiscipline are allowed to go on unchecked, the whole education and training system would soon be paralyzed. It would eat into the very vitals of our national ethos and development. This unrest among the students reflects the prevailing dissatisfaction, disillusionment, frustration, dejection and hopelessness. The students are now a frustrated lot; they lack orientation and proper guidance. They feel insecure as far as proper employment opportunities are concerned. They are afflicted with aimlessness, indecision and crisis of character. They don’t have role models to follow on national or regional levels.
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But why do the students clash with the police, indulge in strikes, violence, stone-throwing, brick-bating, rowdies, rampage and drug-abuse? Why do they hero their Vice- chancellors, professors, head of the institutions etc.? Why do they resort to demonstrations and hooliganism again and again? These are some of the very serious and crucial questions and must be addressed and answered with matching concern and seriousness.
The causes of this unrest are not far to seek. There are many factors which have contributed to this dangerous phenomenon. One of the main factors is our out-dated and defective system of education and examination: The prevailing system of education was introduced by the Bruisers with the sole aim of producing clerks and petty bureaucrats to run their administration. The British rulers never wanted to educate the Indians in the real sense of the term. They wanted to perpetuate their rule and the slavery of the Indian masses. This system of education does not cater to our national and social needs. Consequently, the students feel cheated, confused, frustrated and express these in the acts of violence and indiscipline. Similarly, the system of examination is rotten to the very core because of its many inherent defects. It places too much emphasis and premium on cramming, mechanical memory and elements of chance. It promotes such corrupt practices as copying in the examination, leakage of question papers for ulterior motives and payment of gratification to examiners etc. It encourages bookish knowledge and speculation. Examinations are not the real test of student’s achievements, skills and abilities. They do not take into consideration their excellence in co-curricular activities, social service or strength of moral character and conduct.
The student unrest can also tie attributed to the rampant corruption among teachers and other members of .the staff. The teachers are recruited on the basis of their political backing and patronage, and not on the basis of their academic achievements and merits. Appointments made on the basis of caste and political patronages have caused havoc in the field of education. In the matter of admission also these, nasty factors of casteism, nepotism, favoritism and bribery are playing their dirty role. As a result of these the deserving and meritorious students are left out. The ill-recruited, low paid and corrupt teachers have worsened the situation. The teachers themselves often resort to strike, dharma and gears to coerce the authorities to accept their legitimate and illegitimate demands.
The student community is now in ferment which finds its expression in various acts of indiscipline. Modern students may be compared to a kind of Frankenstein who threatens to slay his own mentor and master. Students, by and large, are now a confused and demoralized lot. They have lost sight of direction, proper orientation, moral values, cultural heritage and sense of pride in common historical great achievements.
They are not sure of getting proper employment opportunities after completion of their education and training, and so find their future bleak, uncertain and insecure. What good can be expected from such a frustrated lot? A frustrated young man is always a dangerous man. Ill-equipped libraries and laboratories, overcrowded classes, ill paid staff, lack of job-oriented education, absence of moral and academic authority among teachers etc., have further worsened the situation.
The politicians and party-leaders have added fuel to the fire of student unrest and there is almost a conflagration. They are misusing and misguiding students to serve their own selfish and partisan political ends. These political professionals use the students as their tools and lead them astray. The student of today has become a casualty to all these corrupt, rotten and utterly selfish forces which have intruded the temples of learning.
Students are the real strength and future of a country. They possess vast energy which can do wonders if properly oriented and utilized. They should be kept busy in creative, fruitful, relevant, social and academic activities. Their minds should never be allowed to remain idle. Proper employment opportunities should be created for them and there should be no political interference in- educational matters. The legitimate demands of the student community should be met without any delay. There should be a proper administrative mechanism to redress their genuine grievances these are some of the key remedies for the malady of student unrest and indiscipline. The students form the bedrock of our national health and progress. So, they should be treated accordingly with sympathy, affection and genuine concern for them.
The youth of today are in grave situation. There is unrest among them because they are facing numerous problems like ambition, anxiety, identity etc. They have never rested on their past moments nor have they felt contented with the possibilities of the present.
They are under pressure of high ambition which increases their anxiety and thus problems begin to come one after another in their life. Fired by the stimulus and success syndrome of the living present, the young nurses an ambition to reach the top of the world, however hard and relentless the effort may be.
There is deep divide between the urban youth and the rural one. The former is in a state of defiance against the old order. They find it difficult to adjust them in the present set up and thus they become victims of alienation or estrangement. Deprived of the opportunity to develop intellectually, many suffer from the problem of subjective isolation and self estrangement.
Once out of college they feel the whole world not ready to accept them and they start to become rebellious in characters. This is the crucial stage in their life and sometimes they fail to get support from their parents too who have thousands of complaints about their behaviour.
At this stage they are prone to some bad habits like smoking, drugs etc. And finally some of them become criminals.
The life of modern youth is centred on one question: how to make money. They equate success, happiness, fame everything with money and they are looking for the fastest route to go there. Sometimes they face suspense about success and anxiety about stealing a march over others. These are normal experiences that an urban youth has to live with in order to achieve his goal.
The rural youth, on the contrary, generally comes to towns and cities in bulk in search of employment after completing their studies. On the one hand they found themselves free from traditional institutions of rural life, while on the other, they have to adjust themselves with the youth of urban background.
They find themselves in completely new surrounding and hence feel suffocated in the busy schedule of city life. It becomes difficult for them to accept the glamour of the urban areas and in this way they have to face psychological tension. Their simpliity is explocited at every step in the city. As a result many of them become anti social elements.
Thus, the urban as well as the rural youth have problems of their own. They need proper guidance so that they may realize the reality of the changing environment and may accept the challenges ahead of them with right attitude.
They must be guided to utilize their potentialities, in the right direction. They must be inspired to withstand the adverse situation. They must be realised that they can contribute towards a big push to their country's growth and progress. These steps will surely bring the modern youth, particularly Indian youth on the right track and they will not go astray. Instead they will be men of utility in progress of the society and the nation.