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Good Essay Topics On North Korea

+ All North Korea Essays:

  • Pest Analysis for South Korea
  • North-South Divide
  • Julia North Thought Experiment
  • The North American Free Trade Agreement
  • Korean War a Proxy War?
  • Doing Business in South Korea
  • The Cold War: Caused by the United States and the Soviet Union
  • Tae Guk Gi Cultural Analysis
  • Tribalism in the Middle East and North Africa
  • Revenue Mobilization in District Assemblies Case Study: Akuapem North District Assembly
  • Marketing in a Global Economy: Identifying Growth Opportunities for Australian Video Game Developers in South Korea
  • North American and European Airline Industry
  • 1984 by George Orwell
  • Nuclear Proliferation and Its Negative Effects
  • Critiques of Frederick Douglass' Work, from The Narrative to the North Star
  • Should People Use the Nuclear Power?
  • Korean War
  • The Key Differences Between the Natural Gas Markets in Asia, Europe and North America
  • A Report on a Simulation on Important Political Issues of the Past and Present
  • Major Environmental Problems in the North Eastern India: Possible Legal and Non-Legal Solutions
  • The Korean War
  • The Slave Trade Route between Africa and North America
  • The Battles Of The Korean War
  • Canada's North and Aboriginal Popluation
  • Compare and Contrast Economic, Social, and Political Developments in the North and South Between 1800-1860.
  • North West Company Case Analysis
  • Korean and Vietnam War Comparison
  • Impact of Affordable Care Act on North Carolina Uninsured Population
  • Women of the American Civil War: South and North
  • The War on Terror And the Need to Proceed with Diplomacy
  • A Discussion of the Negative Impact of NAFTA on North America
  • The Industrial North and Agricultural South
  • A Review of the Coldest War: a Memoir of Korea
  • Causes of the Korean War
  • Soccer is an Unappriciated Sport in North America
  • Truman vs. MacArthur
  • Three Kingdoms of Korea
  • Comparisons of the Lifestyles of Paleoindians in North and Central America
  • Impact of the Affordable Care Act on North Carolina uninsured
  • Evaluate the extent which Trans-Atlantic interactions from 1600-1763 contributed to maintaining continuity as well as fostering change in labor systems in the British North American Colonies?
  • Ellen Moore: Living and Working in Korea
  • Legal Analysis of Indirect Expropriation Claim Under Korea-Us Fta
  • The Korean Economy During the Korean War of 1950
  • Ellen Moore - Living and Working in Korea
  • The Threat of Cyber War
  • Canada Goose
  • Competitor SWOT Summary of The North Face and Patagonia
  • North Country
  • The United States' Involvement in the Korean War
  • The Yalta Conference in Russia
  • D.H. Lawrence: Critique of Social Practices (References Snake, the North Country, and the Triumph of the Machine)
  • The Cold War and The Korean War
  • North American Crude Oil Production
  • Book Review: Korea Old and New: A History by Carter J. Eckert
  • North And South
  • Environmental Implications of NAFTA on North America
  • The Need for a National Missile Defense Program in the United States
  • How Korean War Shaped Korea
  • Korean Culture and Traditions
  • Korea Auto Insurance Company
  • Compare and Contrast Spanish and British Colonization Efforts in North America Prior to 1763.
  • Summarise and Compare the Evidence for the Development of Agriculture in South West Asia and North America.
  • Korean And Vietnam Wars
  • North Americas Different History
  • North Shore Oil Exploration and Drilling
  • The Mysterious Vanishing Frogs of North America
  • Legal Business Practices in the United States and Korea
  • Don’t Shoot: A call for International Diplomacy
  • The History of the Cold War
  • The effects of Sea-Surface Temperatures on North Atlantic Hurricanes
  • Asses the Significance of the North African Campaign to the Allied Victory in the European War
  • Political Corruption in the United States
  • Eisenhower: A Brief Biography
  • Chinese Influence on Korea and Japan
  • North Face Knapp Case Questions
  • Discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages, to the Participating Countries and the Rest of the World, of Forming a Free Trade Arrangement. China, Japan and Korea Are Now Undertaking Preliminary Research Into the Formation of a Free Trade Area. Withi...

North Korea: Witness to Transformation

20 Theses on North Korea

Stephan Haggard (PIIE)

February 16, 2016 7:00 AM

The nuclear test and satellite launch have sparked another round of soul-searching on what to do about North Korea. The following 20 theses are offered as an overall assessment of the current state of play, aimed in part at the supposition--repeatedly proven wrong--that outside actors have decisive influence over North Korean behavior one way or the other. That the North Korean problem can be "solved" carries a very low probability, and may be little more than wishful thinking. We are therefore in a world where the central task is to mitigate risk, while remaining open to a return to negotiations if a serious opportunity arises.

  1. The only way to denuclearize North Korea is through negotiations, most likely the Six Party Talks (6PT).
  2. North Korea will not unilaterally disarm, so if denuclearization is the goal, then any policy has to be measured by whether it will return us to the 6PT.
  3. The US should continually reiterate its willingness to return to the 6PT on the basis of the September 19 2005 Joint Statement.
  4. The fact that North Korea will only denuclearize through a 6PT-like process does not speak to the issue of whether they have any interest in doing so; it is simply outlining the only (low-probability) path out of the current stalemate.
  5. It is more likely that we are in a world in which North Korea is a de facto nuclear power and likely to remain so for some time.
  6. The closing of Kaesong will have substantial material effects, including not only in foreign exchange earnings for the regime but in the need to reabsorb 50,000 displaced Kaesong workers.
  7. The closing of Kaesong will not lead North Korea back to the Six Party Talks nor to North-South talks, but is the start of another sequence of provocations, probably missile and possibly nuclear tests but also other asymmetric actions.
  8. Secondary sanctions may or may not impose material costs on North Korea. North Korea has already adapted to substantial limits on its ability to undertake financial transactions (look at SWIFT data). The sanctions will depend on what financial intelligence Treasury has on companies trading with North Korea and on banks holding regime and family assets and whether any of those entities are actually vulnerable to closing off access to the US financial and clearing system. Put differently, do not assume a "Banco Delta Asia effect" in which sanctions ultimately led back to negotiations (albeit only following North Korea's 2006 breakout, it should be noted).
  9. As a result, secondary sanctions are also not likely to lead North Korea back to the Six Party Talks.
  10. The closure of Kaesong and secondary sanctions are of primary use in raising the costs to North Korea of pursuing its current course, limiting its access to resources and dual-use technologies and signaling Korean and US seriousness-of-intent with respect to China.
  11. China will probably agree to some limited additional sanctions through the United Nations Security Council, but they will be minimal and will not have either substantial substantive effect nor are they likely to return North Korea to the Six Party Talks.
  12. It is not impossible that China could pivot against North Korea, and if it did the five parties should also return quickly to the 6PT process. But I attach a low probability to this outcome.
  13. The US and the ROK are highly unlikely to prioritize this issue over the myriad of other issues they need to consider in dealing with Beijing. As a result, they have relatively little leverage vis-a-vis China beyond what they can naturally achieve by assuring the stability of the deterrent.
  14. Sanctions have perverse internal political effects in North Korea; they strengthen the military, lead to greater repression and may even increase support for Kim Jong Un given the regime's capacity to control the narrative.
  15. Sanctions are not likely to have much material effect on the marketization process, but will only increase the rents made from such activity. In fact, sanctions could accelerate marketization.
  16. North Korea is still undergoing a political succession process—note the recent purges—and we will not know which direction Kim Jong Un ultimately wants to take the country until the Party Congress this summer. But to date, there is little evidence that he will abandon the byungjin line of simultaneous pursuit of economic development and maintenance of the nuclear and missile programs. In the low-probability event that he declares victory and opts for a different course, the five parties should return to the Six Party Talks.
  17. The prospects of “collapse”—whatever that means—are not zero, but very low in the absence of China turning against the Kim regime.
  18. Sanctions—multilateral, bilateral, secondary—are not likely to increase the probability of collapse, again, whatever that means.
  19. If North Korea were to undergo a political transition of some sort, it is more likely to be from a familial-personalist regime to a party-military hybrid that will exhibit largely the same behavior as the current one.
  20. Regime change in any case is not a policy; it is a wish.

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