Writing an Effective Introduction for Informative Essays
There are many ways to introduce an essay. Whichever way you choose, you need to make sure that your introduction includes a thesis statement. A thesis includes a main idea that the rest of the essay will explain in more detail. For informative writing make sure you write a thesis statement that contains your topic and list your three to five reasons of supporting detail all in one sentence.
But you don't want to start your essay with a thesis statement. Provide a background; set a scene. You may need to provide background information that Generally deals with the topic. You may want to write the rest of your essay and go back to add the lead before the thesis statement. This method works well for many students.
Imagine that you have been asked to write an informative essay, or newspaper article, about someone you respect and admire. This happened on a Massachusetts standardized test in 2002 as seen in the following writing prompt:
Respect. Singers sing about it. Some people inspire it. Think about someone you respect and admire. The person can be someone you know, or someone you have read or heard about. In a well-developed composition, describe the person you have selected. Explain in detail at least two reasons why you respect this person."
Source: MCAS Spring 2002 Grade Seven Long Composition Test. Retrieved 12-31-03 from http://www.doe.mass.edu/mcas/2002/release_na/g7ela.pdf
Your introductory paragraph may contain the following thesis statement:
"Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
It is a great thesis statement, but it needs something before it to introduce the reader to the subject and to capture his or her interest. It is called a "LEAD". Look at some of the following types of leads placed in front of our thesis statement and consider how each one affects you as a reader.
Start with a Proverb
It is said that "All adoptive parents get into heaven". Whether or not it is your belief system many people would generally agree that those who give unselfishly to others should be rewarded. As an adopted child, I know first hand the problems these parents are willing to face with a child they have never seen. "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Begin with a Quotation
Comedienne, and adopted child, Paula Poundstone once said, "I don't have a bank account because I don't know my mother's maiden name." Although it is an exaggerated and humorous look at the trials of being adopted, many trails are equally as troubling and humorous for adoptive parents. "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Utilize a Startling or Interesting Fact (Hint-Use an internet search engine)
A simple inquiry on an internet search engine will reveal over 100,000 adoption-related websites. Besides the public and private adoption centers, the websites reveal to me that there seems to be two great needs for those involved in the adoption process. One, can I get more information; and two, can I feel better about adoption. It is easy to think of the adoptee, many people would picture a small child being held in some loving arms, but it is not always easy for those loving arms. "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Apply an Anecdote or Brief Story (Hint-- Sometimes this works best as two paragraphs)
Charlotte was truly anxious. All she wanted anymore was that one phone call. The one call she knew was right, logical even. After all, she was the emergency foster care parent, why shouldn't she be the logical choice as the adoptive parent? The child was doing better than ever in this placement and all of the paperwork, all seventy-five pages of it, was in order. What more did the adoption agency people want?
This kind of stress is not the kind most people see when they think of the adoption process, but it is real. It is also just the first hurdle that Charlotte will face, as did my own parents when they adopted me. "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Make Use of an Analogy to Something Else
Two children are in a sandbox. They are both happy and playful. One child holding a truck said to the other child playing with a stick, "You want to play with me?" Although it seems simplified, both children became happier because although it is nice to feel included, it is also nice to be the one providing for others. This unselfishness can often be seen with a family. "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Pose a Non-threatening Question
Have you ever included somebody in your plans because it was best for them and not yourself? It is a good feeling to know you have taken a stand for other people's needs. I personally see this with adoptive families because I too am adopted. It is a respect that is no different from any other family. "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Imagine sitting in an airport waiting for that relative to come home. But imagine that relative does not know you, may not like you, can't speak your language, and does not understand your culture. You may be in for a bumpy ride. "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Focus on a Word, Definition, or Theme
Infant mortality. It is the most disturbing thought that could ever cross my mind. In some parts of the world, even some that are close by, many children suffer because they do not have a family that can support them. Fortunately, there are other people who will try to do what they can to avoiding this tragedy for a child "Of all the people I know, I respect my adoptive parents because they accepted me, they raised me in a loving household, and they provided for me as equally as their own biological children."
Create a Combination
Sometimes you can combine a question lead with imagery, or try a question lead with a startling fact as a follow-up answer.
After you are done with your rough draft, look at your introduction. All you should have is your thesis. Ask yourself which type of lead can you do for the introduction to this essay? What general information is needed to entice your audience before your specific thesis? Add this lead into your final draft, which is due ___________.
Ó Copyright 2003, Michael D. Mulgrew, mrmulgrew.com. Printed with permission, all rights reserved. Duplication is limited to a single copy for personal use only.
Whether you are a student in high school or college, there is a 100% chance that you will have to write some sort of informative essay during your educational years. Your teacher may either assign you a topic or allow you to choose one for yourself. Depending on the length and requirements for the paper, your topic options will narrow down. A lot of the times, students will end up receiving a subject that they are completely clueless about and thus have really no starting point to build off. Do not worry, EssayPro is here to teach our students everything they need to know about crafting an informative essay!
Table Of Contents
What Is An Informative Essay?
Believe it or not, as a student you have written this sort of an essay before! To understand the concept of this paper, you must understand its definition. An informative essay is a piece of writing that aims to educate an audience about a certain topic. This is NOT an essay that is persuasive or argumentative, and the end goal is to make sure that the audience has learned new and interesting information. Generally speaking, this type of essay will compare controversial viewpoints about a certain topic.
This Type of Essay is similar to an Expository Essay
This essay family contains the:
Informative Essay Topics
If the topic is not assigned, you will need to choose your own topic. You might probably stuck on this step if you have a wide range to choose from. Take your time and keep these pieces of advice in mind to select the most appropriate topic.
Make sure that your topic is not too broad and not too narrow. You need to have enough information about your subject to write about, but not so much to make your essay a novel.
The topic should be attractive and interesting to your audience. Think ahead about who might be reading your paper. Of course, if it was assigned for your class, the teacher will be your main audience.
The best option is to choose the topic that interests you. It will make the writing process much more pleasant and will let you express your enthusiasm fully.
Sometimes, teachers and professors will require presentations or speeches to come along with the written essay. This is why it is smart to pick a topic that is interesting enough to a wide audience (something people can relate to) and can be explained clearly through speech. Here are some examples!
- The origin of language.
- The origin of the universe!
- How to maximize financial efficiency!
- Why do people procrastinate?
- What causes addiction?
- Evolution of human rights
- Legalization of Marijuana
- Why do we dream?
- How do 3D-glasses work?
Steps to Take Pre-Writing
Before you sit down in front of your computer screen and start typing away, there are some necessary steps to make and items to prepare before hand. Having a set plan allows you to organize information effectively, and this greatly speeds up the entire essay writing process.
Brainstorm Ideas: Unless specifically given subject instructions by the coordinator, students are usually given freedom in choosing the topic of their essay. Depending on the importance of the class or your enthusiasm towards crafting this work, a topic should be chosen accordingly. You may choose a topic that you are already well-rounded in, however, this will make the process swift and boring. Ambitious students should choose a topic that they have limited knowledge about. Doing this will increase their general knowledge as well as challenge the students in regards to analyzing new information. Regardless of what type of topic you choose, brainstorming ideas and creating a general outline of your essay will help you organize your thoughts, logically allowing you to pick the most suitable topic.
Choosing a Topic: After narrowing down your options, it has finally come time to choose the most appropriate topic. Remember, the Find a happy medium which will allow you to fully answer the informative question. This will prevent you from worrying about the fact that you may need more content or that not everything you wanted to express got down on paper!
Crank Out Some Informative Research: Gather information about your topic. Use various sources including primary and secondary ones! Primary sources are physical pieces of evidence relating to the topic at hand. For example, if you are talking about the Evolution Of Human Rights, a primary source could be a speech written by Martin Luther King Jr! Secondary sources are articles and papers written based on that topic. For example, if the topic is about addiction, a secondary source would be Bruce K. Alexander’s Rat Park Study!
Use a variety of sources, and validate their reliability: Using sites like Wikipedia is generally frowned upon, however checking out the links used at the bottom of every wiki page is an effective way to get sources quickly! Provide different types of sources to make your informative essay well-rounded!
Informative Essay Outline
As a writer, you may be wondering: “If I hire someone to write my essay for me, will they know how to structure my informative essay?” This is definitely a good question to ask and an idea to consider if you have decided upon this path. If the writer presents you with something similar to what is shown here, then you are in good hands!
The informative essay is written in the standard essay style. Usually speaking, it will consist of an Introduction, 3 Body Paragraphs, and a Conclusion. The introduction serves to present the main argument in an exciting and interesting manner. The 3 Bodies will be mainly used to support the thesis created in the intro. The conclusion will wrap up the information and present its significance in the real world!
The intro should start out with a flashy hook statement that grabs the reader's attention. This sentence should be relevant to the topic, so using an informative rhetorical question would be a good example.
Afterward, reveal any background context that will be necessary for the reader to understand while reading through the essay. These sentences should pay the way for an excellent thesis statement.
The last sentence of the introduction should be a well formed and coherent thesis statement. Since this is the sentence that the entire informative essay is based around, make sure that you have constructed it properly. In other words,
The purpose of this section of the essay is to defend the thesis statement, so the content in these paragraphs must be tip-top. Create a smooth transition from your intro by creating a topic sentence that links the thesis to your first main point. (A smooth transition should also be created for the second and third body paragraph!)
With each body paragraph, there must be a target point and a supporting detail. A target point is the part of the thesis that you are aiming to prove. The supporting detail is the outside validation that enriches your statement.
After introducing your topic sentence, it is time to follow the CCE format to craft the most important part of the essay. This is your main argument of the body paragraph. Since the quality of the essay is dependent upon how well the thesis is defended, make sure that your 3 claims are strong.
After defining your claim, you must introduce the evidence. This is your physical proof that validates your claim. Usually, in informative writing, this will be a quote from some sort of Without this, your informative essay will hold no value. It would basically be the same as accepting opinion as fact.
To conclude the CCE process, the writer must present an explanation of his claim. In other words, they need to display how this claim proves their thesis statement as fact. This is absolutely necessary and should be explained coherently. If eager to gain extra validation points, the writer can go into more depth about how the evidence backs up the claim. However, if this can be inferred without the need of extra information, then that would be ideal.
To conclude a body paragraph, a sentence should be created that gives a general synopsis of the argument presented. The main purpose of this sentence is to display assertiveness; in other words, display that your opinion is the right one! This gives your entire essay more strength and makes your argument/thesis look sharp!
After portraying your three main arguments, it is time to wrap up your essay.
The conclusion of an essay restates the thesis statement and offers final thoughts and insights on the topic. Explain it in different words and provide room for a smooth transition.
This “room” is necessary because you will now need to briefly restate the impact of each one of your arguments. If done correctly, the restatement and then the brief argument relay should mix well with each other!
In order to effectively finish the essay, one must come up with an overall concluding statement. This statement should serve as an explanation for the significance of your argument. In other words, explain why the informative writing you just crafted has value and where this information can be applied. This gives the work “real-world” value!
Post-Writing To Do List
Vocabulary: After rereading the draft, make sure that you are satisfied with the language you have used. If the words were not crafty enough or phrases could have been stated in a smoother manner, then edit accordingly.
Grammar: Nothing aggravates teachers more than having to pause their reading to fix grammar mistakes. It shows carelessness and a lack of proper editing. Use websites like GrammarCheck to make sure that there are no issues with punctuation, spelling, etc.
Coherency: From a writer's perspective, this is the most important textbox to have checked. Using language that can be easily understood as well as proper transitional skills is an awesome way to keep your paper moving smoothly.
If you were to imagine your paper as a road, then a coherent paper would be a straightforward and clean path. An incoherent essay would be one with bumps on the road and unexpected sharp turns!
Peer Editing: Having a second pair of eyes to read through your paper is a surefire way of validating your work. If the essay sounds fluent and makes sense to another brain, then you are increasing the odds of it sounding great to the teacher. If your peer has any tips or recommended some amendments, consider their advice! Here at EssayPro, you can speak to a professional essay writer that knows useful tactics that will put a smile on the professor's face!
The final touch: As you have edited your final draft, your next step will be transforming it into a full-fledged essay. Give your final draft one more read-through. Read it aloud and fix small mistakes your eye might not catch.
Essay Writing Advice From Our Professional Team
Prof. Essie, from EssayPro
An informative essay is the best way to explain a complicated idea. When you write one of these essays, most of the writing process comes before you write the essay itself. My advice is to spend the most of your writing time on research. (To inform someone on how to do something, you first need to know to do it). The first step to anything, of course, is to choose a topic. Gather all the details on that subject by doing a thorough investigation. List of the important facts and main steps of your paper. Make sure your sources and facts are reliable and accurate. In your outline, write a topic sentence for each fact. After doing all of these steps, you can structure the thesis statement. That's right! Don’t start your essay by writing a thesis statement. Make sure you wholesomely understand your topic before you introduce it. After this organizational process, you can draft your essay and edit it. Good luck!
Read the Article and Still Have Questions?
Informative essays tend to be difficult assignments for students as sometimes explaining certain concepts takes a lot more critical thinking than expected. This causes students to submit low-quality work and receive poor grades for their efforts. To alleviate this problem, we here at EssayPro, the best custom essay writing service on the web, have hired qualified writers to create high-level content for very fair prices. Our writers are college graduates with various degrees who have dealt with the struggle of college essay writing. They have learned all of the tricks and tactics to astonish college professors and will guarantee the swift delivery of a custom informative essay! Hire online essay writer!